On July 4th, U.S. citizens celebrate “Independence Day.” This is the pseudo-anniversary of the issuance of the American Declaration of Independence. (There’s much debate about when it was actually signed.)
The Continental Congress felt that the Declaration of Independence was necessary to explain why the Resolution of Independence from Great Britain was passed on July 2, 1776 by 12 of the original 13 colonies (New York abstained).
“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.”